Web accessibility means designing pages and applications so that they can be used by everyone, including people with disabilities, some of whom use assistive technologies to browse the web. Accessibility is required by federal law in many instances and courts are broadening their interpretation of how the legal requirements are implemented. Many know that web accessibility is an increasingly important issue, but are not sure what to do.
BAD is good for the accidental accessibility expert
It is not uncommon for individuals who recognize and speak up about the need for accessibility within an organization to find that they have become experts by default. For those in this situation and who are invited to speak to groups about web accessibility, an updated tool from the W3C’s Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) can help.
The Before and After Demo (BAD) is an updated set of related web pages that provide fully integrated examples of accessibility at work. Sharp, new, and fun to use, BAD is designed to serve a variety of purposes. In addition to raising general awareness of web accessibility issues, BAD is a highly effective way to show how Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG 2) can be applied without sacrificing visual appeal or interactivity.
BAD shows common accessibility barriers using practical examples. The demonstration consists of an inaccessible Web site, an accessible version of the same site, as well as a report about the demonstrated barriers. The demonstration does not attempt to cover every checkpoint of the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) nor to provide an exhaustive list of examples but to demonstrate some key aspects of Web accessibility appropriate for short, focused presentations.
Providing practical examples during a talk is usually very effective. The BAD overview outlines the features of the Demo and gives tips on best use. Together with the inaccessible and accessible Demo pages, concrete before and after coding samples, and notes explaining related WCAG rules, there is much rich content to share during presentations.
Let the community know how you use it
I will be using BAD in my upcoming accessibility training sessions at AccessU at CSUN. Presenters are encouraged to use the demo live or to download the pages with the understanding that some pages will not have full interactivity without connection to a server. WAI is interested to hear if BAD is good for you. Please use the demo and then let WAI know about your experience. Send your comments to email@example.com (a publicly archived list) or firstname.lastname@example.org (a WAI staff-only list).
Todd Kloots of Yahoo! will teach you how to build accessible, dynamic user interfaces for the Web. In this hands-on class (8:30 on Tuesday, February 28), you will learn how to use the Accessible Rich Internet Applications (WAI-ARIA) specification to help build sites and applications that are accessible to users of screen readers.
This class will be divided into three parts.
Part 1: Screen Readers
As far as user benefits, ARIA is targeted at users of screen readers. So before you understand ARIA, you need to first understand the problem space. This section of the class will explain what screen readers are, how they work, and show you how to use them during development and in testing. This section will include hands-on exercises for using screen readers on desktop and mobile platforms.
Part 2: Keyboard Access Essentials
Users of screen readers rely on the keyboard as both the primary means of navigation and user input. But providing good keyboard access benefits more than just those who use a screen reader. This section will provide an overview of the essential APIs for providing keyboard access in the browser.
Part 3: Using ARIA
The last section of the class will focus exclusively on using the ARIA Spec to build accessible custom widgets. It will cover how to think about and use the ARIA widget roles, states and properties, and how ARIA can be used to improve the accessibility of mobile user interfaces.
What to Bring
Your iPhone or iPad
Todd is a Senior Accessibility Engineer at Yahoo!, and he has over ten years of experience in Web development. To get a sense of the work he and his colleagues do, take a look at the accessibility-related posts on the Yahoo! User Interface Blog (YUIBlog).
Sign up for Todd’s workshop to learn about all things ARIA. This session, along with others, will be held as part of Knowbility’s AccessU at CSUN 2012. Then, if you have further questions about building dynamic and accessible Web sites, contact Knowbility, and we’ll be glad to help.
Scholz Garden has been serving beer in Austin, Texas since 1866 . And, since 1998, Knowbility’s Accessible web design competition, the Accessibility Internet Rally for Austin (AIR-Austin) holds its kickoff at Scholz. It’s a great Austin institution and we like to say that we start our party at the oldest beer garden in Texas and wrap it up on the World Wide Web. Last Wednesday, seven teams of web professionals met the nonprofit organizations that will be their partners in competing for trophies awarded at SXSW Interactive. Honors will go to those teams that build the most accessible web sites.
Here’s a video from one of the first AIR competitions that shows the spirit of these related events:
The kickoff event gets me every time. The energy, dedication and enthusiasm for accessibility and for the work of the nonprofit groups is truly wonderful. Chair Elliott Naishtat set the evening off to a great start with appreciation for the volunteer effort of these stellar teams of web pros. The nonprofit groups came up one by one and said a few words about the work they do. They are mostly small organizations, often staffed entirely by volunteers, doing work that transforms peoples live, bringing hope where there was none. To hear from these groups of committed people who dedicate themselves to noble causes with so few resources can restore and strengthen a person’s faith in humanity – it does for me every year.
Community Programs Director Carolyn Gibbs beamed from the podium and was clearly pleased with how the skills of the teams had matched up with the needs of the organizations. She contributed profiles for each team and npo pair, listed below. Once the match-ups were announced, the teams got to work, planning their strategies for winning the competition and taking home the trophy. The nonprofit leaders looked as though they had already won – they were about to build the most professional web site they had ever had and support the work that means so much to them and to our communities. The race to accessibility is on! Who are you rooting for? (Consider the npo links below as the “Before” version. When the skills of the teams have been applied you will see the new fully accessible versions of these sites.)
ADAPT of Texas & Access Austin Crew
ADAPT of Texas is a grassroots, community-organizing disability rights group fighting to empower people with disabilities to live full, independent lives. Not a fan of those “inspirational, pull-on-your-heartstrings disabilities sites,” they’re participating in AIR to boost their webpage, spread their message, and make sure that all people can access the information and resources they share!
The Access Austin Crew brings together three AIR-Austin alumni and one of the youngest AIR team members ever! With ten years of combined experience participating with teams from IBM, the Access Austin Crew is excited to carry the charge forward to build another accessible website!
Team TradeMark has been participating in AIR for so long that they can’t remember how many sites they’ve created! With more than 50 years of combined development experience pulled from the staff of local firm TradeMark Media, they “could teach the class” on accessibility, and they plan to prove it in 2012.
Austin Jazz Alliance & Unchain My Art
The Austin Jazz Alliance is a small organization with a big vision – to build a jazz community and festival in Austin to rival those in NYC and New Orleans. Fito, the organization’s representative, has participated in AIR before as a developer, and now he has turned over the reins to let others do the background work to create a dynamic and accessible database of jazz musicians, venues, and fans in Austin.
Unchain My Art is no stranger to AIR – they’ve even won the competition in years past! The team is comprised of some of the best and brightest local e-learning company MicroAssist has to offer, and led by a former AIR-Austin chair!
Austin Speech Labs & The Drupalistas
Austin Speech Labsworks with stroke survivors of all ages to improve their quality of live and to re-engage them in their social and professional lives. Knowing the challenges that stroke survivors are faced with, they came to AIR to get a new website that is accessible, user-friendly, and helps to market their services.
The Drupalistas are returning to AIR in 2012 with a combined force of alumni and new participants, pulled from the Seminary of the Southwest, Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, Order Out of Chaos, the Texas Education Agency, and the Austin Independent School District. They’ve come to AIR-Austin with a vision of creating a site that is elegant, aesthetically-pleasing, accessible, and easy to maintain!
Independent Living Resource Center & Team Enchantment
The Independent Living Resource Centerstrives to make independence a possibility for persons throughout New Mexico with disabilities. They learned about AIR at the Southwest Conference on Disability in Albuquerque in October, and joined the program with the goal of having a strong website that will serve every one of their clients, using technology to give them the tools to live better lives!
Team Enchantment brings together leaders and colleagues from the New Mexico Technology Council, this brand new AIR team has joined the program ready to learn about accessibility and to apply their new skills to help a great nonprofit from the Albuquerque community!
Phronesis Media & Team Fahrenheit
Phronesis Media is a new project of local organization Ventana del Soul, bringing together a wealth of information, articles, facts, resources, and relevant media to educate the public about mass incarceration and offer practical solutions to end the problem. With only the beginnings of a website currently in place, they’ve come to AIR to get help launching the project with a new, fully accessible site!
Team Fahrenheit is led by another AIR Alumni, whose commitment to accessibility has brought a brand new team from Fahrenheit Marketing to the competition. With as many as 15 years of individual experience, the team members are highly skilled, have taught classes in accessibility, and plan to show their skills through the champion website they create!
Texas TERA & The Headspring Hurwitzes
Texas TERA is not just a name, but a mission: technology, empowerment, resources, and advocacy for persons with disabilities. They work to provide individuals with the ability to try out assistive technology, use it well, and live better lives. Dave, the organization’s lead, has participated in AIR before with his cable TV program, the Gene and Dave Show, and has brought Texas TERA to AIR in search of a website that is as dynamic, current, and accessible as the organization itself.
The Headspring Hurwitzes are a new team for AIR – but the team’s members are no strangers to accessibility. Not only did the team leader participate in AIR-Houston in October, but Headspring has developed ASP.NET accessibility training for Knowbility’s AccessU program. Headspring has joined AIR to keep their skills fresh and help Texas TERA with a new accessible website!
Results at SXSW
It’s quite a line up for 2012 and the judging is bound to be intense. If you are at SXSW in March, be sure to come to the FREE party and check out the entries and the winner. Dewey awards will be given out as well. No badge is needed for the awards ceremony on March 11th at St David’s Episcopal Church. Emcee is Femme FM’s wonderful Teresa Ferguson, music by Mother Falcon and in true Texas fashion, the church serves beer! Until then, these spectacular teams of web devs will be coding their hearts out for nonprofit groups that make our communities better. And all in the name of accessibility. Viva AIR!
On Tuesday, February 28 at 1:30 PM, you’ll have a chance to learn about “Communicating the Vision of Accessibility throughout the Enterprise” from two of the top experts who have particular knowledge in this area of Web accessibility.
Understanding Web accessibility standards and guidelines and how to apply them is one thing, but negotiating your corporate culture to institutionalize accessibility as a practice is an entirely different journey. Using their own experience, leading their company’s Web Accessibility Initiative, Margy Bergel and Ann Chadwick-Dias discuss approaches to integrating accessibility at a large financial services corporation.
Working with your users with disabilities
Understanding accessibility standards and making them your own
Engaging your organization
Integrating accessibility into your processes
Metrics and measuring success
Margy and Ann consistently offer practical advice for large corporations that will enable you to implement accessibility most effectively and strategically. You’ll leave their presentation feeling ready to reach out to customers with disabilities with innovative approaches that will help make your site easier to use for everyone.
So, if you’ve been having some trouble figuring out how to implement accessibility in your corporate or other large organizational-setting, sign up for this workshop, along with others that will be held as part of Knowbility’s AccessU at CSUN 2012. We look forward to seeing you there and to working with you, in the future, to make your Web presence as accessible as it can be.
On Tuesday, February 28, at 8: 30 AM, Jennison Asuncion will lead a discussion about social media and accessibility. Many of those in the “Twittersphere” and on Linked In know of his commitment to sharing accessibility information. We at Knowbility think of him as the “King of Social Media,” and we know this session will get your day off to a lively start.
Since none of the popular social media platforms is completely accessible to all users with disabilities, Jennison intends to take a pragmatic approach.
Rather than eliminating different social media, the goal is to look at each of the popular platforms, identify which users with different disabilities may experience accessibility issues and why, and discuss strategies to ensure their inclusion. Throughout the session, participants will be encouraged to share their own experiences in using social media with audiences that include people with disabilities.
Jennison is an Information and Technology Accessibility professional who has been working in the financial services industry since 2001. In his other job, Jennison co-directs the Adaptech Research Network, where he has been researching and publishing on the use and accessibility of information and communication technology (ICT) in Canadian higher education for over ten years. In 2009, he led a Canadian study looking at the use and accessibility of social media by postsecondary students with disabilities.
As you’d imagine, Jennison actively uses social media particularly Twitter (@Jennison) and LinkedIn to increase broad awareness of accessibility.
He lives in Toronto and holds a Master’s in Educational Technology from Concordia University in Montreal.